Jarir bin Abdullah says: The Prophet (peace be upon him) took a pledge from me on three things: That I will establish the Prayer, that I will continue to pay the zakat, and that I will remain a well-wisher of every Muslim. (Make not the calling of the Messenger among you as your calling one of another.) Surah Al Infitar 83. This Ayah seeks to discourage people from backbiting and warns against it. If he has backbitten a living person, and what he said was also false, he should refute it before the people before whom he had made the calumny. Verily, Allah the Exalted and Most Honored said, (O mankind! (Mentioning about your brother in a manner that he dislikes.) New philosophies have been propounded for it, new religions invented, new codes of law made and new moral principles framed; so much so that nations and empires have made this distinction a permanent way of life with them and practiced it for centuries. The Prophet (peace be upon him) said to the companions: What do you say: who is more ignorant, this person or his camel? Surah At Tur 53. means, `We ordered you to refrain from raising your voices to the Prophet , so that he will not get angry with you, because in doing so, you will also anger Allah.’ The good deeds of he who caused the Prophet’s anger will become useless without him even knowing. Suddenly, Thabit bin Qays bin Shammas came, having put on his Hanut and shrouds, and said, `The worst habit is the one you acquire from your enemy and do not set a bad example for your companions.’ And he went on fighting until he was martyred, may Allah be pleased with him.” Allah then prohibited speaking to the Prophet in a loud voice, just as one speaks loudly to another in a way that offends him. There is no greater evil than that one should hold a Muslim in contempt. The word lamz as used in the original is very comprehensive and applies to ridiculing, reviling, deriding, jeering, charging somebody or finding fault with him, and making him the target of reproach and blame by open or tacit references. Allah the Exalted refuted their false statement, (Say: “Do not count your Islam as a favor to me…”) `for the benefit of your Islam will only be yours, and this is a favor from Allah to you,’. In other words, Allah does not approve that the other Muslims should just sit and watch the clash when two groups of their own community have fallen to mutual fighting. They consider it a favor to you that they have accepted Islam. But many a time it so happened that the people from far flung areas, who had had no opportunity to receive training in good manners, would come to visit the Prophet (peace be upon him) with the idea that the one who invited others to Allah and was working for the reformation of the people had no right to have rest at any time, and they had the right to visit and see him any time they pleased in the day or night and it was his duty that whenever they happened to arrive, he should be ready to receive them. Lisez et écoutez la sourate الحجرات / AL-HUJURAT en arabe sur coran-francais.com This giving of precedence to the Book of Allah and the sunnah of His Messenger over one’s own exercise to find out a solution and to turn to them first to obtain guidance is the thing that marks the distinction between a Muslim judge and a non-Muslim judge. Surah Al Muddathir 75. In another Hadith he is reported to have said: The believers are with one another like the bricks of a wall so that each is strengthened by the other. ... Tafsir Quraish Shihab Diskusi (Mereka telah merasa memberi nikmat kepadamu dengan keislaman mereka) tanpa melalui perang, berbeda dengan orang-orang selain mereka yang masuk Islam setelah melalui peperangan terlebih dahulu. According to the Islamic law, every Muslim man can marry every Muslim woman, but the success of the matrimonial life depends on maximum harmony and conformity between the spouses as regards habits, characteristics and ways of life, family traditions and economic and social status, so that they may get on well with each other. (O people! (And have Taqwa of Allah), that is, regarding what He has commanded you and forbidden for you. (Surah Al-Anaam, Ayat 14). Sharing & Diskusi. Fear Him and beware of Him. Sesungguhnya orang yang paling mulia di antara kamu di sisi Allah ialah orang yang paling bertakwa di antara kamu. (49:14) The Bedouins say: “We believe.”(O Prophet),30 say to them: “You do not believe; you should rather say: ‘We have submitted’”;31 for belief has not yet entered your hearts. Surah Mursalat 78. transgressors) and whether it is obligatory to fight against them or not. I, p. 81; Vol. And Allah is All-Knowing, All-Wise.) means, until the rebellious group refers to the commands of Allah and His Messenger for judgement and they listen to and obey the truth. When it is not allowed to mete out such a treatment to the unbelievers, how much more so should it be with regard to the Muslims. (QS. Several scholars relied on this honorable Ayah and the honora- ble Hadiths we menti- oned as evidence that compatibility in marriage is not a condition of marriage contracts. (For details, see Fathal-Bari, vol. En arabe, accompagnée d'une traduction en français. Mohammed 29/05/2012 17:32. meaning, `you earn honor with Allah the Exalted on account of Taqwa, not family lineage.' Al-Hujurat: 11). But if he was not as you say about him, you will have falsely accused him. This verse forms the actual basis of the Islamic law about the mutual fighting between the Muslims. Lisez et apprenez Sourate Hujurat [49:1] dans Tamil Traduction pour obtenir la bénédiction d'Allah Écoutez la Sourate Hujurat en audio mp3 Le Coran sur IslamicFinder . True peace is that which is based on justice. O Allah! From this divine command an important legal principle is deduced, the sphere of application of which is very vast. One kind of conjecture is that which is morally approved and laudable, and desirable and praiseworthy from religious point of view, e.g. Also in the Sahih: (If the Muslim invokes Allah for the benefit of his absent brother, the angel says afterwards, “Amin, and for you the same.”) There are many Hadiths with this meaning, such as, in the Sahih. I seek refuge with You from the evil repercussions of what You have given us and from the evil of what You have deprived us of. `if he obeys all of your opinions and desires, you will earn trouble and hardship.’ Allah the Exalted and Most Honored said. so that they get to know each other by their nation or tribe. (Abu Daud). Surah Al Anam 7. Source: Thanks for visiting Alim.org, The Alim Foundation's flagship site that provides the world's only social network built around Qur'an, Hadith, and other classical sources of Islamic knowledge. Surah Ta-Ha 21. The standards of high and low that the people have set up of their own accord, are not acceptable to and approved by Allah. They submitted: Who will eat it, O Messenger of Allah? Surah Maidah 6. Qadi Abu Bakr Ibn al-Arabi has cited his this view in Ahkam al-Quran: When a person rises in revolt against a just ruler like Umar bin Abdul Aziz, it is obligatory to resist and repel him; as for some other kind of ruler, he should be left alone. the Muslim government: The jurists use the term baghi (rebel) for this very party which is guilty of rebelling. Allah has full knowledge of everything.” (49:17) They count it as a favour to you that they accepted Islam. For example, if a person goes to visit somebody and seeks permission to enter the house, and a person comes out and conveys the permission, he can enter the house accordingly no matter whether the one conveying the permission from the master of the house was good or bad. In this case whether they have a legal ground or do not have any, the government in any case is justified to wage war against them and it is obligatory to side with it. Surah At Tin 96. (Ruhal-Maani). We have created you from a male and a female, and made you into nations and tribes that you may know one another. (b) Those who may revolt against a government in order to depose it from power, and may have no legal ground for this, and may also appear to be unjust and evil. Where there is unusual difference and disparity between the man and the woman in this regard, lifelong companionship will be difficult. Wa’lamooo anna feekum Rasoolal laah; law yutee’ukum fee kaseerim minal amrila’anittum wa laakinnal laaha habbaba ilaikumul eemaana wa zaiyanahoo fee quloobikum wa karraha ilaikumul kufra walfusooqa wal’isyaan; ulaaaika humur raashidoon7. Verily the noblest of you in the sight of Allah is the most God-fearing of you.28 Surely Allah is All-Knowing, All-Aware.29. Allah’s statement. Innal lazeena yaghud doona aswaatahum ‘inda Rasoolil laahi ulaaa’ikal lazeenam tah anal laahu quloobahum littaqwaa; lahum maghfiratunw waajrun ‘azeem3. He feared that his good deeds would be useless and he would be among the people of the Fire. (Surah Al-Baqarah, Ayat 132). Then they should join hands with the one who is in the right and fight the aggressor. Sesungguhnya Allah Maha Penerima Taubat lagi Maha Penyayang." On hearing this, the Prophet (peace be upon him) became very angry and he made up his mind to dispatch a contingent to punish those people. Allah then ordains lowering one’s voice before the Messenger and encourages, directs and recommends this better behavior. You have been created in one and the same way; it is not also so that different men have been created in different ways. The recipients of this command are all those Muslims who may not be a party to either of the groups and for whom it may be possible to try to make peace between them. This very discrimination gave birth to class distinctions (varnashrama) among the Hindus according to which superiority of the Brahmins was established, all other human beings came to be regarded as inferior and unclean and the shudras cast into the depths of disgrace and degradation. A push and shove situation occurred that led to them fighting using slippers. Instead, they were required to speak to him in terms of respect, honor and calmness. Surah At Talaq 66. This same law was observed in the mutual fighting between the companions. Surah Baqarah 3. (13) The evidence of the rebels will not be acceptable in the Islamic courts, for it is iniquitous to fight against the just. Likewise, about verse 6 a large number of the traditions of Hadith confirm that it was sent down concerning Walid bin Uqbah whom the Holy Prophet had sent to collect the zakat from the Bani al-Mustaliq, and it is well known that Walid bin Uqabah had become a Muslim on the conquest of Makkah. Once at night he heard the voice of a person who was singing in his house. Just as you hate eating the flesh of a dead person, on account of your nature; so hate backbiting, on account of your religion. Allah, Worthy of all praise, then encourages them to turn to Him in repentance. And know that among you is the Messenger of Allah . It is those who are the truthful. Would anyone eat this meat’ The Prophet said; (The backbiting you committed against your brother is worse as a meal than this meal. (O Ansar! (Then the most honorable person is Yusuf, Allah's Prophet, the son of Allah's Prophet, the son of Allah's Prophet, the son of Allah's Khalil.) Surah Nuh 72. (The most honorable among them with Allah is the one who has the most Taqwa.) They stood behind him in lines and he said. Al-Jazairi menyatakan, seruan ini merupakan seruan terakhir dalam surat al-Hujurat. Surah Al Insan 77. (Have you gone into her just as the stick goes into the kohl container and the rope goes into the well) Ma`iz said, `Yes, O Allah’s Messenger!’ The Prophet commanded that Ma`iz be stoned to death and his order was carried out. قُلْ أَتُعَلِّمُونَ ٱللَّهَ بِدِينِكُمْ وَٱللَّهُ يَعْلَمُ مَا فِى ٱلسَّمَـٰوَ‌ٰتِ وَمَا فِى ٱلْأَرْضِ ۚ وَٱللَّهُ بِكُلِّ شَىْءٍ عَلِيمٌۭ, Qul atu’allimoonal laaha bideenikum wallaahu ya’lamu maa fis samaawaati wa maa fil ard; wallaahu bikulli shai’in ‘Aleem16. That is, this is only known to Allah as to who is really a man of high rank and who is inferior in respect of qualities and characteristics. Surah Al A'raf 8. Period of Revelation Traditions show and the subject matter of the Surah also supports the same that this Surah is a collection of the commandments and instructions sent down on different occasions, which have been put together because of the relevancy of the theme. Abu Saeed Khudri and Abu Hurairah say that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: A Muslim is a brother to the other Muslim: he does not treat him unjustly, he does not leave him alone and he does not dishonor him. He said. Imam Ahmad recorded that `Amir bin Sa`d bin Abi Waqqas said, “The Messenger of Allah gave (something to) some men and did not give one of them. 5. `your intentions.’ Allah said. Surah Al Lail 93. was revealed.” Abu Dawud also collected this Hadith. Surah Al Ahqaf 47. Surah Az Zalzalah 100. During the battle of Yamamah, our forces suffered retreat. Say: “Do not count your Islam as a favor to me.” Nay, but Allah has conferred a favor upon you that He has guided you to the Faith if you indeed are true.”)”’ Then Allah reminds that He has complete knowledge of all creations and that He sees them all; (Verily, Allah knows the Unseen of the heavens and the earth. It is right that I help him if he is oppressed, but how should I help him if he is an oppressor’ He said. Lire et/ou écouter la sourate al-Hashr (n°59, L'Exode). Her husband was absent at the time, so his family called on their people. If the means is not reliable, it should be tested and examined to see whether the news is authentic or not before taking any action on it. If there are several men of the same name and a particular man among them may be recognized only by a particular title or nickname of his, the title or nickname can be used, even though the title by itself may be offensive. (4) To warn the people of the mischief of a person (or persons) so that they may ward off the evil, e.g. The law of sedition is applied only against those rebels who might be powerful, and rise in revolt in large numbers and with substantial military equipment. (Do you know what adultery means) Ma`iz said, `Yes. Then, to make the intention of the command explicit, it has been said that some conjectures are sinful. `Abdullah bin `Abbas, Mujahid, Sa`id bin Jubayr, Qatadah and Muqatil bin Hayyan said that the Ayah. And remember that when Abraham and Ishmael were raising the walls of this House, they prayed: Lord, make us Thy Muslims and also raise from our offspring a community which should be Muslim. Allah the Exalted said. When he came back into the house, Aishah asked: You have talked to him politely, whereas when you went out you said something different about him. Imam Ahmad recorded that Anas bin Malik said, “When this Ayah was revealed. Allah the Exalted said about backbiting; (neither backbite one another), thus prohibiting it, which was explained in a Hadith collected by Abu Dawud that Abu Hurayrah said, “It was asked, `O Allah’s Messenger! The man went back to the Prophet and conveyed Thabit’s statement and returned to Thabit with a wonderfully good news. In this brief verse, Allah has drawn the attention of all mankind to three cardinal truths: (1) The origin of all of you is one and the same. (7) The injunction concerning the properties of the rebels as derived from the good example of Ali is that no part of it, whether it is found on the battlefield or left behind in their houses, and whether they are living or have been killed, will be declared as the spoils nor distributed among the army. Verily, the most honorable of you with Allah is that (believer) who has At-Taqwa. Al-Bukhari narrated that Abu Hurayrah said, “Some people asked the Prophet , `Who is the most honorable among people’ He replied. Surah Al Kawthar 109. Surah Qaf 51. (and Allah is All-Aware of everything.) Wretched is the name of disobedience after [one’s] faith. Surah Al Qiyama 76. En effet, dans cette sourate, le fait que les Jinns entendent le Coran et qu'ils aillent auprès des leurs pour prêcher l'Islam est relaté en détail. Surah Al Hujurat (in Arabic text: الحجرات‎) is the 49th chapter of the Qur’an with 18 ayats. With a little variation in wording this incident has been related by Imam Ahmad, Abi Hatim, Tabarani, and Ibn Jarir, on the authority of Abdullah bin Abbas, Harith bin Dirar, Mujahid, Qatadah, Abdur Rehman bin Abi Laila, Yazid bin Ruman, Dahhak and Muqatil bin Hayyan. In a Hadith he has said: You are all the children of Adam, and Adam was created from the dust. The Prophet (peace be upon him) asked: If this also fails you? Surah Al Bayyina 99. ۞ قَالَتِ ٱلْأَعْرَابُ ءَامَنَّا ۖ قُل لَّمْ تُؤْمِنُوا۟ وَلَـٰكِن قُولُوٓا۟ أَسْلَمْنَا وَلَمَّا يَدْخُلِ ٱلْإِيمَـٰنُ فِى قُلُوبِكُمْ ۖ وَإِن تُطِيعُوا۟ ٱللَّهَ وَرَسُولَهُۥ لَا يَلِتْكُم مِّنْ أَعْمَـٰلِكُمْ شَيْـًٔا ۚ إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ غَفُورٌۭ رَّحِيمٌ, Qaalatil-A ‘raabu aamannaa qul lam tu’minoo wa laakin qoolooo aslamnaa wa lamma yadkhulil eemaanu fee quloobikum wa in tutee’ul laaha wa Rasoolahoo laa yalitkum min a’maalikum shai’aa; innal laaha Ghafoorur Raheem14. Allah’s statement. Then, it has been told what attitude should the other Muslims adopt in case two groups of the Muslims fall to mutual fighting. 27. Otherwise, if the sinner’s word is taken for granted and a decision is based on it, regardless of whether the information is true or not, the authorities will be taking the lead of the sinners. And the jurists established this principle in the law of evidence that in a matter from which a Shariah value can be deduced, or a duty imposed on a person; the evidence of an evil man would be unacceptable. The Quran is a book that Islam is the one true religion and to be source for guidance. Indeed, some assumption is sin. Various statements about this were collected in an individual introduction from the book, Al-Inbah, by Abu `Amr Ibn `Abdul-Barr, and from the book, Al-Qasad wal-Amam fi Ma`rifah Ansab Al-Arab wal-`Ajam. Lire et/ou écouter la sourate al-Hujurat (n°49, Les Appartements). They said, `We did not ask you about this.’ He said. Écoute de la sourate 49 - Al-hujurat / Les appartements récitée en français. those who have these qualities are the rightly guided ones whom Allah has granted guidance and correctness. In this verse the whole of mankind has been addressed to reform it of the great evil that has always been causing universal disruption in the world, that is, the prejudices due to race, color, language, country, and nationality. O Allah! إِنَّ ٱلَّذِينَ يَغُضُّونَ أَصْوَ‌ٰتَهُمْ عِندَ رَسُولِ ٱللَّهِ أُو۟لَـٰٓئِكَ ٱلَّذِينَ ٱمْتَحَنَ ٱللَّهُ قُلُوبَهُمْ لِلتَّقْوَىٰ ۚ لَهُم مَّغْفِرَةٌۭ وَأَجْرٌ عَظِيمٌ. He did not find a place in the Masjid where his camel could sit and had to dismount on men's hands. Allah the Exalted forbids His faithful servants from being suspicious, which includes having doubts and suspicions about the conduct of one’s family, relatives and other people in general. Cari apa pun di Al-Qur'an dan pahami kandungannya dengan teknologi pencarian AI dan sumber terpercaya di Learn Quran Tafsir. وَإِن طَآئِفَتَانِ مِنَ ٱلْمُؤْمِنِينَ ٱقْتَتَلُوا۟ فَأَصْلِحُوا۟ بَيْنَهُمَا ۖ فَإِنۢ بَغَتْ إِحْدَىٰهُمَا عَلَى ٱلْأُخْرَىٰ فَقَـٰتِلُوا۟ ٱلَّتِى تَبْغِى حَتَّىٰ تَفِىٓءَ إِلَىٰٓ أَمْرِ ٱللَّهِ ۚ فَإِن فَآءَتْ فَأَصْلِحُوا۟ بَيْنَهُمَا بِٱلْعَدْلِ وَأَقْسِطُوٓا۟ ۖ إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ يُحِبُّ ٱلْمُقْسِطِينَ. O mankind! From these words, it follows that mutual fighting is not the character of the Muslims, nor should it be. The Prophet asked. for those who repent and return to Him. The Prophet (peace be upon him) has said: If a person does not support and help a Muslim when he is being disgraced and his honor being attacked, Allah also does not support and help him when he stands in need of His help; and if a person helps and supports a Muslim when his honor is being attacked and he is being disgraced, Allah Almighty also helps him when he wants that Allah should help him. The Prophet (peace be upon him) stopped, called the two men and said: Come down and eat this dead donkey. Say: “Do not regard your (accepting) Islam as a favour to me; rather, Allah has bestowed a favour on you by guiding you to faith, if you are truthful (in your claim to be believers). يَـٰٓأَيُّهَا ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُوا۟ ٱجْتَنِبُوا۟ كَثِيرًۭا مِّنَ ٱلظَّنِّ إِنَّ بَعْضَ ٱلظَّنِّ إِثْمٌۭ ۖ وَلَا تَجَسَّسُوا۟ وَلَا يَغْتَب بَّعْضُكُم بَعْضًا ۚ أَيُحِبُّ أَحَدُكُمْ أَن يَأْكُلَ لَحْمَ أَخِيهِ مَيْتًۭا فَكَرِهْتُمُوهُ ۚ وَٱتَّقُوا۟ ٱللَّهَ ۚ إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ تَوَّابٌۭ رَّحِيمٌۭ. They said, `We did not ask you about this.’ He said. Yaaa ayyuhal lazeena aamanuj taniboo kaseeram minaz zanni inna ba’daz zanniismunw wa laa tajassasoo wa la yaghtab ba’dukum ba’daa; a yuhibbu ahadukum any yaakula lahma akheehi maitan fakarih tumooh; wattaqul laa; innal laaha tawwaabur Raheem12. Tafsir sourate al jinn. )” An-Nasa’i collected this Hadith in `Amal Al-Yawm wal-Laylah. The last limit of this lawful conjecture, however, is that one should conduct himself cautiously in order to ward off any possible mischief from him; it is not right to take an action against him only on the basis of a conjecture. What is forbidden is not conjecture as such but excessive conjecture and following every kind of conjecture, and the reason given is that some conjectures are sins. At this those people were warned that they should not forget that the Prophet (peace be upon him) was present among them, who understood them (Bani al-Mustaliq) better than they did. The Prophet (peace be upon him) remarked that he was a very bad man of his tribe. To make his conjecture free and independent of every such care and consideration is the pastime of only those people who are fearless of God and thoughtless of the accountability of the Hereafter.